Dieudonné initially achieved success working with comedian Élie Semoun, humorously exploiting racial stereotypes. "[1], The quenelle became popular, with many photos posted to the Internet showing individuals posing while performing quenelles at mundane places such as wedding parties, in high school classes, underwater, or in front of the Parc Astérix theme park. Barthès argued that he did not know what he was doing when the picture was taken. [19] However, an official January 2014 circular issued by the Interior Ministry specifically linked the quenelle gesture to antisemitism and extremism. De omstreden Franse komeik Dieudonné was vorige week in de Iraanse hoofdstad Teheran op bezoek bij oud-president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad en loofde hem daar een 'gouden Quenelle' uit. [20], Most political parties in the opposition support the government's ban – including the main conservative party (UMP)[41] and the Greens, whose leader Eva Joly compared Dieudonné to Norwegian mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik. [citation needed] Dieudonné and his lawyers filed a lawsuit against the League on December 13, 2013. - la quenelle). When French footballer Nicolas Anelka of West Bromwich Albion F.C. [18] Sakho said he had been tricked into making a quenelle without knowing its meaning, and that the photo had been taken six months earlier. [31] A subsequent statement released by West Bromwich said Anelka agreed not to perform the quenelle again,[32] but nevertheless on 27 February 2014, Anelka was banned for five matches and fined £80,000 for this action. On 6 January 2014, Valls declared that performances considered anti-Semitic may be banned by local officials, and sent a three-page circular entitled "The Struggle Against Racism and Antisemitism – demonstrations and public reaction – performances by Mr. M'Bala M'Bala"[40] to all prefects of Police in France. [15], Dieudonné describes himself as an anti-Zionist, but not an antisemite. Dieudonné described it as "a kind of up yours gesture to the establishment with an in the arse/ass dimension. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. Officially, French authorities said the gesture is too vague for them to take any action against Dieudonné. [16][17] On January 23, 2014 Dieudonné subsequently described the gesture as also being a sign of "emancipation" for people descended from slaves. [13] One man, now sought by French police, performed the quenelle at three locales connected to the murder of Jews: two at sites related to the March 2012 Toulouse shootings and the other near the Paris monument commemorating the Holocaust. [10] He also appears in the French TV show Complément d'enquête making the same claims. [4][14], According to Jean-Yves Camus, a specialist in far-right politics, the quenelle is a "badge of identity, especially among the young, although it is difficult to say whether they really understand its meaning". Aussi un peu de News, de la … In de videoboodschappen op het internet van Dieudonné speelt de quenelle de rol van standaardbelediging voor alles en iedereen die hem niet zinnen of uitspraken tegen hem gedaan hebben. [1] Hence, the phrase "glisser une quenelle" ('to slide a quenelle'), with a gesture evoking fisting practice,[1] is similar to the English insults "up yours" and "up your arse/ass". [4], The name quenelle comes from a dish of elongated fish balls, said to resemble a suppository. La crème de la crème! But it's a quenelle, so it's a bit softer, less violent. [27] Two teenagers were arrested for having performed a quenelle at school. [33] In response to the incident, club sponsor Zoopla announced that it would not continue its sponsorship deal with West Bromwich after the 2013–14 season. [5][6], Dieudonné first used the quenelle gesture in his 2005 show named "1905", while talking about a dolphin. [21], Various public figures such as the French basketball player Tony Parker,[22] footballer Nicolas Anelka and National Front founder Jean-Marie Le Pen were pictured making the gesture. [7][8] Dieudonné used the gesture in various contexts, including for his 2009 European election campaign poster for the "anti-Zionist party":[7] he stated that his intention was "to put a quenelle into Zionism's butt".[9]. The men incurred a suspended monetary penalty for violating a Swiss law prohibiting acts of public racism. [38], As Dieudonné continued to sprinkle usage of the quenelle on his website and in Internet postings, such as in his 2013 New Year's Eve video,[39] the government took note. Het is een vulgair gebaar dat zijn oorsprong vindt in het gerecht quenelle dat qua vorm iets van een suppositoir heeft. [24] Several people have been fired for having published photos of them performing quenelles[25][26] and some people have been assaulted for the same reason. Dieudonné : Gilets jaunes - Quenelle christique Dieudonné Officiel. Partagez au Maaaax! [34] Anelka was subsequently sacked (fired) by West Brom on 15 March 2014. [31] Dieudonné, who intended to visit and support Anelka in England, was banned from entry to the United Kingdom in February 2014. [5], De quenelle werd op 28 december 2013 buiten Frankrijk bekend toen de voetballer Nicolas Anelka het gebaar maakte na een doelpunt te hebben gemaakt voor West Bromwich Albion. For him, it is an antisemitic gesture that has nothing to do with the Nazi ideology. In November 2013, a photograph of French footballer Mamadou Sakho performing the quenelle with Dieudonné was discovered. Dieudonné introduceert de Hitlergroet 2.0 (de quenelle). [13] Camus sees the quenelle as a gesture against the conspiracy theory of the existence of an international "Jewish conspiracy". - la quenelle" (François, voel je wat we in je achterste stoppen? He took note of the liberty of expression in France, but goes on to say that in exceptional circumstances, the police are invested with the power to prohibit an event if its intent is to prevent "a grave disturbance of public order" and cited the 1933 law supporting this. Vaak moet de Franse ex-president François Hollande het hier ontgelden, deze heeft zelfs een apart "quenellelied" gekregen (dat ook enthousiast gezongen wordt tijdens de shows van Dieudonné), met de weinig aan de verbeelding overlatende tekst "François la sens-tu qui se glisse dans ton cul? He first used it in 2005 in his sketch entitled "1905" about French secularism, and has used it since in a wide variety of contexts. [2][3], Following an incident in which the quenelle gesture was used by French soldiers stationed outside a synagogue in the sixteenth arrondissement of Paris, LICRA president Alain Jakubowicz wrote an open letter to Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, dated September 9, 2013, in which he described the gesture as "an inverted Nazi salute representing the sodomy of the victims of the Holocaust". Drie vragen over de 'quenelle' van omstreden Franse komiek, Nicolas Anelka riskeert sanctie voor neerwaarts gerichte Hitlergroet, Quenelle de Nicolas Anelka : «Juste une dédicace», La quenelle, le geste sulfureux de Dieudonné aux idées subliminales, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quenelle_(gebaar)&oldid=52314973, Wikipedia:Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. TV host Yann Barthès publicly apologized for quenelles made by someone in the audience during his show and revealed the identity of the author. Ook Jean Marie Le Pen is een liefhebber van deze groet. Dieudonné geeft 'gouden Quenelle' aan oud-president Iran. [11][12], Critics see quenelle salutes performed (and photographed) in front of prominent Holocaust landmarks and Jewish institutions as proof of the prejudiced intent of the gesture. Parker apologized, saying he did not know at the time that "it could be in any way offensive or harmful". [13] A new trend emerged, consisting of performing quenelles beside unwitting public figures identified as members of the establishment (such as Bernard-Henri Lévy, Pierre Bergé or Manuel Valls[23]) or in front of the media's cameras. [36], On 23 December 2013, French President François Hollande said: "We will act, with the government led by prime minister Jean-Marc Ayrault, to shake the tranquility which, under the cover of anonymity, facilitates shameful actions online. De hand die de schouder raakt symboliseert tot welke diepte men deze virtuele sodomisering zou willen drijven. Although the quenelle is usually done with the hand at shoulder level, it can also be done with different variations (e.g., elbow or wrist level). [2][3], In late 2013, following its use by professional footballer Nicolas Anelka during a match, Jewish leaders, anti-racism groups, and public officials in France have interpreted it as an inverted Nazi salute and as an expression of antisemitism. ", "Open letter from LICRA to Jean-Yves le Drian, French Minister of Defense", Ligue internationale contre le racisme et l'antisémitisme, "Quenelle: Dieudonné s'attaque à la Licra", "Quenelle: Dieudonné porte plainte et vise la Licra", "What's in a gesture? Dieudonné M'bala M'bala (born 11 February 1966), generally known by his stage name Dieudonné (French: [djø.dɔ.ne]), is a French comedian, actor and political activist.He has been convicted for hate speech, and slander in Belgium and in France. Why everyone is searching Google for an anti-Semitic salute", "Nicolas Anelka: West Brom sponsor Zoopla to end deal", "Nicolas Anelka vows never to repeat 'anti-Semitic' goal celebration", "Nicolas Anelka Banned 5 Matches, Fined £80,000 for Quenelle Gesture", "French comedian Dieudonné responds to British ban with quenelle to the Queen", "Spurs guard Tony Parker apologizes for controversial gesture", "In France, quasi-Nazi salute may evade long arm of the law", "Marine le Pen: Le FN n'a pas d'avis sur la quenelle de Dieudonné", "Le Pen: une indigestion générale de quenelles", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quenelle_(gesture)&oldid=971781331, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 August 2020, at 05:33. He first used it in 2005 in his sketch entitled "1905" about French secularism, and has used it since in a wide variety of contexts. The quenelle gesture is usually performed by pointing one arm vertically downwards palm down, while touching the shoulder with the opposite hand. [43] She later declared that the government's ban was similar to censorship. Shortly afterwards, a picture of Yann Barthès himself performing a quenelle surfaced on social networks. De familie Le Pen (Vader en Dochter) regeren een partij, het Front National. De quenelle is een gebaar uit Frankrijk waarbij een arm gestrekt wordt en de andere hand boven op de gestrekte arm wordt gelegd.. Het gebaar is afkomstig van de Franse komiek Dieudonné M'bala M'bala (Dieudonné).Hij gebruikte deze beweging voor het eerst in 2005 in een sketch van zijn show "1905". Loading ... Dieudonné répond à Yann Barthès avec, en bonus, une surprise XXL - Duration: 17:15. Ahmadinejad … In addition, Valls specifically made reference to the quenelle, linking the quenelle gesture and quenelle trademark to Dieudonné's racist and antisemitic attitudes in his Internet publications. Al eerder, in oktober 2013, werd het gebaar gemaakt door Jean-Marie Le Pen en Bruno Gollnisch van het Front National.[2][6]. "[37], In a statement on 27 December 2013, France's Interior Minister Manuel Valls said he would consider "all legal means" to ban Dieudonné's "public meetings", given that he "addresses in an obvious and insufferable manner the memory of victims of the Shoah". Bienvenue au Quenelle Club: Ici vous trouvez Le Best of de Dieudonné! The quenelle's ugly undertones", "Nazi-style quenelle salute performed at Toulouse Jewish school", "Définition de la 'quenelle': Dieudonné porte plainte pour diffamation", "Exclusive: Dieudonne Breaks Silence On Quenelle", "French use Nazi-like salute with impunity", "Voici la circulaire anti-Dieudonné envoyée par Valls aux préfets", "Swiss court judges 'quenelle' gesture to be racist", "Tony Parker apologises for giving controversial 'quenelle' salute", "Photo shows French minister with men performing quenelle", "Yann Barthès photographié faisant une 'quenelle': l'animateur coupe court à toute polémique", "Un intérimaire banni du groupe Adecco pour une 'quenelle, "Une 'quenelle' fait exclure deux pompiers", "Lyon: six jeunes s'improvisent justiciers contre des auteurs de quenelle", "Quenelle: deux lycéens placés en garde à vue", "La femme de Dieudonné dépose la marque 'quenelle, "What the hell is a 'quenelle'?