PBL experts will tell you this, but I often hear teachers ask for real examples, specifics to help them contextualize what it looks like in the classroom. 6 Strategies for Differentiated Instruction in Project-Based Learning. Differentiated classrooms have also been described as ones that respond to student variety in readiness levels, interests, and learning profiles. We all know that heterogeneous grouping works, but sometimes homogenous grouping can be an effective way to differentiate in a project. Photo credit: Laurie Sullivan via flickr (CC BY 2.0). Prepare thoughtful lessons backed by data – Before you even begin teaching each lesson, you should examine past assessments, collected data, work samples and student observations to identify specific instructional strengths for each student. That's why we searched the Edutopia community for tips and strategies that can help with differentiating instruction. If your child has an IEP or 504 plan, ask his general education teacher how she uses differentiated instruction … Not all students may need the mini-lesson, so you can offer or demand it for the students who will really benefit. You can find 18 of them included in this presentation: 18 Teacher-Tested Strategies for Differentiated Instruction. I know a teacher who has a well-oiled PBL machine of a classroom. The purpose of process strategies is to differentiate the development of critical thinking skills. Students then need varying opportunities to demonstrate their knowledge based on the teaching, hence differentiated assessment. Perhaps it’s a series of written responses. In addition to being a great management strategy to prevent time sucks in class, mini-lessons and centers are a great way to differentiate instruction. Differentiation that is founded in ineffective classroom practice cannot succeed. This is one of the most common reasons teachers look for ways to differentiate their lessons. Here are some specific differentiation strategies to use during a PBL project. Differentiated instruction and assessment, also known as differentiated learning or, in education, simply, differentiation, is a framework or philosophy for effective teaching that involves providing all students within their diverse classroom community of learners a range of different avenues for understanding new information (often in the same classroom) in terms of: acquiring content; processing, constructing, or making sense of ideas; and developing teaching materials and assessment measures so that all students within a classroom can learn effectively, regardless of differences in their ability. Differentiated InstructionDifferentiated Instruction, Differentiated instruction elementary school, 50 strategies for differentiated instruction, Differentiated instruction lesson plans kindergarten, Differentiate instruction in the classroom, Charlevoix Country Club - Charlevoix courses, Ethics continuing education physical therapy, Accredited online human anatomy and physiology course, List Of Differentiated Instruction Strategies. Target Different Senses Within Lessons. 2. It takes time to come up with and implement differentiated activities. According to Tomlinson, teachers can differentiate instruction through four ways: 1), By now, we're all familiar with the fact that we need to differentiate, About Differentiated InstructionDifferentiated Instruction. Some children could prevent the class from moving on. There really isn't a schedule to follow. It is difficult to evaluate the effectiveness of a teacher. Create Pods with Student Captains. You can differentiate a formative assessment of this in a variety of ways. Answering task cards can also be a small-group activity, adding variety to classes that normally focus on solo or large-group learning. Curriculum Mapping. By Lina Raffaelli. Students all have different strengths and weaknesses. This is a great opportunity for them to set personalized learning goals and for you to target instruction specific to the goals they set. This piece was originally submitted to our community forums by a reader. They can also look different. Edutopia® and Lucas Education Research™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of the George Lucas Educational Foundation in the U.S. and other countries. However, when you have a large group of students, it can be tough to keep up with each child’s individual needs. February 8, 2012 Updated January 8, 2016. Throughout the project, students should be reflecting on their work and setting goals for further learning. Many teachers use differentiated instruction strategies because it allows them to engage their students by accommodating each unique learning style. Perhaps you offer mini-lessons or center work to support your students’ learning, or maybe you show students a variety of resources from which to learn, including videos, games, and readings. Yes, you may have a written component if you’re assessing writing, but ask yourself, “How can I allow for voice and choice here?” Embrace possibilities for differentiated student summative products. Students are so in tune with their learning that they are able to truly take ownership of it, and the teacher provides instruction without assumption. Create a differentiated learning environment – The first differentiation technique changes up the physical layout of the classroom. Perhaps you are targeting collaboration in the project. Students vary in culture, socioeconomic status, language, gender, motivation, ability/disability, learning styles, personal interests and more, and teachers must be aware of these varieties as they plan in accordance with the curricula. It is a classroom that includes and allows all students to be successful. Do you tend to teach the same lessons each marking period or semester? Adjust your lesson content based on student needs – The most apparent way of differentiating the learning process is to change the type of content you use in your lessons. December 5, 2014 Most educators agree that differentiated instruction can dramatically help students to succeed, but good differentiation needs careful planning to make sure students of all abilities are engaged and it can be a challenge when teachers are already so pressed for time. As you master the PBL process in your classroom, you will intuitively find ways to differentiate instruction for your students. We want to leverage collaboration as much as content. 18 Teacher-Tested Strategies for Differentiated Instruction.