DNA Structure. What state are saturated fatty acids at room temperature? What makes proteins unique from each other? What state are unsaturated fatty acids at room temperature? What kind of bonds are in a saturated fatty acid? What is the general structure of a fatty acid? What molecule cannot be hydrolyzed by the digestive system of most animals? ... Nucleic Acid. Biology. What happens when the 3rd phosphate group is removed from ATP? What functional group do all fatty acids have in common? 3. high energy molecule made from nucleic acids with two extra phosphate groups. has three phosphate groups instead of one. The nucleic acid adenosine triphosphate (ATP), made up of an adenine nitrogenous base, a 5-carbon ribose sugar, and three phosphate groups, is … Where is energy stored in ATP molecule? How many different amino acids are there? How are disaccharides formed and what is the bond called? What are two common monosaccharides and their molecular formula? protein shape (in watery environments of cells, proteins take on a globular shape), made up of more than 1 polypeptide strand (not all proteins have it), example of protein having quaternary structure, having 4 polypeptide chains (found in red blood cells and carries oxygen). ATP is used in the ATP Cycle. has three phosphate groups instead of one. What do nucleic acids and proteins have in common? The bonds between phosphate are weak but contain a lot of energy. when a substrate attaches to the active site causing it to change shape, a chain of many amino acids held together by peptide bonds, occurs when proteins coil or fold into pleated sheets or helixes because of hydrogen bonding, when polypeptides join together because of R group interactions (globular in shape), amino acid found in turkey and makes people sleepy. carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen. Q. What wax is found on the surface of humans? Biology: Proteins, Nucleic Acids, and ATP study guide by edwinner includes 25 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Edit. 9th - 10th grade. When a phosphate group is removed from it. Where are starch, glycogen, and cellulose found? Protein. The vital energy-carrying molecules ATP and GTP are both made from nucleotides – the nucleotides “A” and “G,” as you might have guessed. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is a RNA nucleotide with an adenine base and 3 phosphate groups (so made up of adenine base, ribose, and 3 phosphate groups). Adenine base 3. What are glycogen, starch, and cellulose's monomers? Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is a multifunctional nucleotide, most important as the "molecular currency" of intracellular energy transfer. storing information related to heredity and protein synthesis. Three phosphate groups Its precursor is adenosine monophosphate (AMP) that is made from IMP in nucleotide synthesis. What are the three most common polysaccharides? Are phospholipid heads hydrophobic or hydrophilic? How is the monomer for ATP different from nucleic acid? a phosphate and glycerol containing head with two fatty acid tails. Monomer: glucose and non-sugar nitrogenous containing molecule. Are carbohydrates generally hydrophobic or hydrophilic? Save. What is the ratio of hydrogen atoms to oxygen atoms in carbs? What structure does a denatured protein still have? These molecules can move energy around because the phosphate bonds contain a lot of potential energy, which is released when they are broken. adamsb. What kind of bonds are in an unsaturated fatty acid? It is made up of; 1. a molecule passed from parent to offspring. substrates attach to an enzyme at its active site. 1705 times. energy for cellular work, ADP (adenosine diphosphate), and a free phosphate, hydrophobic (don't mix with water and non-polar). Tags: Question 12 . It is a nucleotide that acts as energy-carrier, capturing energy in some reactions and providing it for others. What are three steroids found in organisms? example of protein having quaternary structure, having 4 polypeptide chains (found in red blood cells and carries oxygen) ... How is the monomer for ATP different from nucleic acid? What two functional groups are found in monosaccharides? carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur. chemical bonds. greater ratio of hydrogens to oxygens than carbs, fats: store energy, insulate the body, and cushion organs. 65% average accuracy. 2 years ago. Adenine and Guanine because they have 2 rings. SURVEY . Which bonds are considered high energy bonds in ATP? What happens to monosaccharides when they are put into aqueous solutions inside cells? What process links three fatty acid chains to the glycerol in lipids? What is the hydrogen to oxygen ration in lipids? different order of amino acids (6th amino acid replaced by another one), protein that controls blood sugar level, causing excess sugar to be stored in the liver as glycogen, proteins in the cell membrane that help cells recognize similar cells, nucleotide (nitrogenous base and carbon sugar) and three phosphate groups. linking to monosaccharides together by removing a water molecule, complex carbohydrate chains made of chains of polymers. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. cholesterol: found in cell membrane and used to build other steroids (hormones). ATP is not a nucleic acid but is related because... it is a modified nucleotide (deoxyribose-sugar, nitrogen base and 3 phosphate groups.