It was the collapse of the Liberal party that led to the Conservative landslide. Over the next decade, a wide range of progressive social reforms were enacted,[70][71] with millions lifted out of poverty during Labour's time in office largely as a result of various tax and benefit reforms. [188] Other commentators go further and argue that traditional social democratic parties across Europe, including the British Labour Party, have been so deeply transformed in recent years that it is no longer possible to describe them ideologically as "social democratic",[189] and claim that this ideological shift has put new strains on the Labour Party's traditional relationship with the trade unions. At a secret meeting in January 1947, Attlee and six cabinet ministers, including Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, decided to proceed with the development of Britain's nuclear weapons programme,[36] in opposition to the pacifist and anti-nuclear stances of a large element inside the Labour Party. "[28], The government collapsed after only ten months when the Liberals voted for a Select Committee inquiry into the Campbell Case, a vote which MacDonald had declared to be a vote of confidence. “The Labour Party accepts this report in full and without equivocation,” he said, vowing implementation immediately and “in full”. [165], During the April pandemic lockdown, Starmer warned that the government was "in danger of being slow on their exit strategy" and called for "a roadmap to lift restrictions in certain sectors of the economy". The Labour Party Labour Central, Kings Manor [196][197] In 2015, Momentum was created by Jon Lansman as a grass-roots left-wing organisation following Jeremy Corbyn's election as party leader. However, because the government had to rely on the support of the Liberals it was unable to implement many of its more contentious policies such as nationalisation of the coal industry, or a capital levy. Henderson led it into the general election on 27 October against the three-party National coalition. [citation needed] Between January and March 2008, the Labour Party received just over £3 million in donations and were £17 million in debt, compared to the Conservatives' £6 million in donations and £12 million in debt. A downturn in the economy and a series of scandals in the early 1960s (the most notorious being the Profumo affair) had engulfed the Conservative government by 1963. The meeting was attended by a broad spectrum of working-class and left-wing organisations—trades unions represented about one-third of the membership of the TUC delegates. [26] With the Liberals thus in disarray, Labour won 142 seats in 1922, making it the second-largest political group in the House of Commons and the official opposition to the Conservative government. In recent years this link has come under increasing strain, with the RMT being expelled from the party in 2004 for allowing its branches in Scotland to affiliate to the left-wing Scottish Socialist Party. [205] The General Secretary represents the party on behalf of the other members of the Labour Party in any legal matters or actions. [18], The People's History Museum in Manchester holds the minutes of the first Labour Party meeting in 1906 and has them on display in the Main Galleries. The motion was passed at all stages by the TUC, and the proposed conference was held at the Congregational Memorial Hall on Farringdon Street, London on 26 and 27 February 1900. In the aftermath, opinions differed to why the Labour Party was defeated to the extent it was. [226], The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1923 and 1940. The party's decision-making bodies on a national level formally include the National Executive Committee (NEC), Labour Party Conference and National Policy Forum (NPF)—although in practice the Parliamentary leadership has the final say on policy. “The party facilitated a culture of bullying, bigotry and intimidation against Jewish people from within its ranks. It has been criticised for its antisemetism.[11]. [27], While there were no major labour strikes during his term, MacDonald acted swiftly to end those that did erupt. They warned its members. The governing Liberals were unwilling to repeal this judicial decision with primary legislation.