On 3 January 1804[4] Ganja was taken with a good bit of slaughter. He then crossed the snow-covered Mugan Plain and after a five-day siege stormed the new-built fort of Lenkaran.

He was carried half-dead to Tiflis and survived for 39 more years, unfit for further service. In the summer of 1812, just as Napoleon was preparing to invade, Russia made peace with Turkey and its Caucasian troops turned to Persia. She pointed to Iran’s development of ballistic missiles and support for proxies in Yemen, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq, saying that “the United States will continue to hold Iran accountable, even if it means we must act alone.”, “What makes America special is that we are unafraid to stand up for what is right,” Craft said. The Persian troops were of a low grade, mostly irregular cavalry. The local khan held the citadel, the Russians held the town and the Persians held the surrounding countryside. They attacked a Russian battalion at "Sultan-Buda" using European-style infantry and a few British officers. The 1804–1813 Russo-Persian War was one of the many wars between the Persian Empire and Imperial Russia, and began like many of their wars as a territorial dispute. During this period Russia was mainly dealing with the local khanates which were subject to Persia. In September a naval attack on Baku failed. Russian honor was retrieved by Glazenap who marched from north of the mountains and took Derbent, Quba and Baku. In September 1808 Gudovich attacked Yerevan.

In August, Abbas Mirza resumed hostilities and captured Lankaran. In early 1812 Persia invaded Karabagh. Shah Fath Ali's heir, Abbas Mirza, tried to modernize the Persian army, seeking help from French experts through the Franco-Persian alliance, and then from British experts, in order to address the tactical disparity between the forces. “And I don’t need a cheering section to validate my moral compass.”, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said the U.S. deployment of nearly 50,000 troops in the Persian Gulf in 29 military installations, with more than 300 combat aircraft, and its hundreds of billions of dollars of arms sales “have enhanced neither the security of the external powers, nor of the region.”, “We need collective efforts by regional countries to establish inclusive dialogue and security networking in this region,” he said.

The war ended in 1813 with the Treaty of Gulistan which ceded the previously disputed territory of Georgia to Imperial Russia, and also the Iranian territories of Dagestan, most of what is nowadays Azerbaijan, and minor parts of Armenia. Gudovich resigned and was replaced by Alexander Tormasov.

In early 1805 the Shuragel Sultanate was taken. The Russians lost 1000 men, two thirds of their force. Militarily, Iran i In 1809 Fath Ali was driven back from Gyumri and Abbas Mirza from Ganja. Responding to Russia’s promotion of security for the Persian Gulf, Craft said: “Respectfully, I think the solution is much easier: This council must simply muster the courage to hold Iran accountable to its existing international obligations.”. After a day of fighting the Russians surrendered. Hoping to forge a tripartite alliance of France, the Ottoman Empire, and Persia, Napoleon sent various envoys to Persia, notably Pierre Jaubert and Claude Mathieu de Gardane, whose diplomatic efforts culminated in the Treaty of Finckenstein, signed on 4 May 1807, under which France recognized Persian claims to Georgia and promised assistance in training and equipping the Persian army. “But no matter how long the journey might be, step by step we’ll eventually reach the destination. China’s foreign minister, Wang Yi, proposed “a platform for multilateral dialogue for the Gulf region,” starting with incremental progress on energy, shipping, trade and other less sensitive issues. He was thus receptive to Russian requests to act as an intermediary and sought ways to pressure the Qajars into accepting a settlement. Anglo-Persian relations warmed even further with the visit of Abu’l-Hasan Khan to London in 1809 and his return to Persia with Gore Ouseley as ambassador and minister plenipotentiary in 1810. They were driven back by Abbas Mirza and 18,000 Persians (?[5]). Main events were: 1804: Capture of Ganja and failure to take Yerevan; 1805: push east almost to the Caspian; 1806: death of Tsitsianov, capture of the Caspian coast and start of the Russo-Turkish War. “Dialogue will not be smooth sailing nor will it reach its goal overnight,” he said.

In 1803, the newly appointed commander of Russian forces in the Caucasus, Paul Tsitsianov, attacked Ganja and captured its citadel on 15 January 1804. “An inclusive, collective regional security dialogue aimed at lessening tensions may have only a small chance of materializing, and an even smaller chance of success, but under current circumstances it would be irresponsible not to give it a try,” Malley said.

Of the 4000-man garrison, every survivor was bayonetted. On hearing of the approach of another army under Fath Ali Koryagin slipped out at night and headed for Shusha. Over the course of the five Russo-Pe… Under this treaty, Russia was acknowledged as the power controlling South Caucasus; western and eastern Georgia and Muslim khanates till Baku and Quba was under Russian control and administration. This opened the door for France to use Persia to threaten both Russian and British interests. Peace negotiations were already underway and an armistice was made in October. ): The defeat of Napoleon enabled Russia to allocate greater resources to the Caucasus front. Though on occasion the Persians fought well, for instance at Lankaran, where the same Kotlyarevsky lost 950 of 1,500 men under his command and was himself permanently disabled, the war was obviously lost.

This was a small area at the junction of Georgia, the Yerevan Khanate and Turkey and included the militarily important town of Gyumri. Russia's superior technology and tactics ensured a series of strategic victories. Like his Persian counterpart, the Tsar Alexander I was also new to the throne and equally determined to control the disputed territories.

The Russian Wiki has Tsitsianov go directly to Yerevan and an army under Portnyagin retreat from Echmiadzran on 19 June, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Russia and Britain allied in the Third Coalition against France, Sino-Russian border conflicts (1652–1689), Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940), Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Russo-Persian_War_(1804–1813)&oldid=981134150, 19th-century military history of the Russian Empire, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from January 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles to be expanded from January 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 50,000 Nezam-e Jadid (modern style infantry), 20,000 irregular cavalry, 25,000 other allied or old style Persian troops, Muriel Aiken, Russia and Iran, 1780–1828, 1980. Due to Western economic sanctions on Iran, Russia has become a key trading partner, especially in regard to the former's excess oil reserves. IRAN.

UNITED NATIONS (AP) — Russia’s foreign minister called for collective efforts Tuesday to prevent a large-scale war in the Persian Gulf and got strong support from all Security Council members except the United States, which called Iran the major culprit and urged that it be held accountable for supporting terrorists and destabilizing the region. U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the first step toward de-escalation is identifying viable confidence-building measures such as ways to combat the coronavirus, promote economic recovery, ensure unhindered maritime navigation and arrange religious pilgrimages.

Russia and Persia fought these wars over disputed governance of territories and countries in the Caucasus. Weakened by disease and fighting on half-rations, the Russians withdrew to Georgia, losing more men along the way. ... armed drones and Syrian proxy fighters to Libya to shore up the U.N.-backed government and push back a Russian-supported rival faction in that war… A victory at "Karabezouk" completed the discomfiture of the Persians (3 April 1813). The Persians scaled up their efforts late in the war, declaring jihad, or holy war, on Imperial Russia in 1810. In response to the loss of Karabakh Abbas Mirza occupied the Askeran Fortress at the mouth of a valley that leads from the plain southwest to Shusha, the capital of Karabakh. Although Russia had been making peace overtures, and Jones had hoped the preliminary agreement would encourage a settlement, these developments strengthened Fath Ali Shah ’s determination to continue the war. Following the bloody capture of Ganja the khans could usually be bullied without too much fighting.

In June Tsitsianov and 3,000 men marched south toward Echmiadzin in the Yerevan Khanate. Despite the Persian alliance with Napoleon, who was the ally of Persia's Abbas Mirza, France could provide little concrete direct help. By The New York Times. The assault failed, withdrawal became necessary and 1,000 men, mostly sick and wounded, froze to death on the retreat. Ganja's governor, Javad Khan Qajar, was killed, and a large number of the inhabitants slaughtered. They then moved east and besieged Yerevan (July–September). Following the Russian occupation of the various khanates, Fath Ali Shah, strapped for cash and anxious to find an ally, had made a request for British support as early as December 1804. SPb, 1886–88.

Thirteen years later, in the Russo-Persian War (1826–28), Persia tried to regain its territory.