For peace and stability in Kosovo and the wider Balkans, Kosovo's moderate people and politicians need to take responsibility for their future. By 1989, he had abolished Kosovo’s autonomy, fired tens of thousands of Albanians from their jobs, suppressed Albanian language education and controlled the territory with a heavy police presence. Some sources put the figure far lower. The government was also shown to be illegally wiretapping thousands of people, including nearly all prominent political figures, along with media and many diplomats. "[95], Adoption and terms of the declaration of independence, Reactions to the declaration of independence, Declaration of Vice-President Tomka, Judge of the International Court of Justice, concerning the Opinion given by the ICJ concerning the Kosovo declaration of independence, World and Its Peoples, Marshall Cavendish, 2010, p 1985, Balkan Worlds, Traian Stoianovich, M.E. The countries of the Western Balkans – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia – have long tended to follow patterns set by their larger, more powerful neighbours. Corruption is rife and human trafficking threatens to entrench a lawless state on Europe’s doorstep. As a result of the ICJ decision, a joint Serbia-EU resolution was passed in the United Nations General Assembly which called for an EU-facilitated dialogue between Kosovo and Serbia to "promote cooperation, achieve progress on the path to the European Union and improve the lives of the people. Subsequent peace talks failed and from 24 March to 11 June 1999, NATO carried out an extensive bombing campaign against FR Yugoslavia including targets in Kosovo itself. Independence! [67], In Montenegro, protests were held in Podgorica on 19 February. The 2008 declaration was a product of failed negotiations concerning the adoption of the Ahtisaari plan, which broke down in the fall of 2007. A group broke into The United States embassy, set it on fire, and attempted to throw furniture through the windows. These were big steps, hard for a former nationalist to take. In 1968 it became the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo and in 1974 new constitution enabled the province to function at every administrative level independently of its host republic within Yugoslavia. Vidmar, Jure. In 1996, the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) began attacking federal security forces. This declaration reflects the will of our people and it is in full accordance with the recommendations of UN Special Envoy Martti Ahtisaari and his Comprehensive Proposal for the Kosovo Status Settlement. Several thousand more Kosovo Serbs have left their homes to seek refuge in Serbia proper or in the Serb-dominated north of Kosovo. [92], Following a request from Russia, the United Nations Security Council held an emergency session in the afternoon of 17 February. Russia demanded an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council to proclaim the declaration “null and void,” but the meeting produced no resolution. It placed Kosovo under transitional UN administration, demanded a withdrawal of Serbian security forces from Kosovo and envisioned an eventual UN-facilitated political process to resolve the status of Kosovo. [19] However, Serbia and Russia rejected it outright, and no progress was possible on the United Nations front. "[43], In North Kosovo, a UN building housing a courthouse and jail was attacked by a hand grenade, causing slight damage but no casualties. The UN police withdrew from northern Mitrovica leaving NATO troops to maintain order.[49][50]. While Brussels urges responsibility, some member states give aid and comfort to VMRO, which is an associate member of the European People’s Party (EPP). [74] Some Spanish people (scholars or from the Spanish Government or opposition parties) challenged the comparison made by the Basque Government that way of Kosovo's independence could be a path for the independence of the Basque Country and Catalonia.